When it comes to industrial aluminum profiles, it must be familiar to people. As long as you observe carefully, they can be seen everywhere in our life, but you may not find it. Maybe our thinking is limited to a few aluminum profiles Industrial aluminum profiles There are many types of industrial aluminum profiles, and the application range of each model is also different.
According to the general classification method, industrial aluminum profiles can be divided into seven Large series, each series of models have many kinds, each model can be used in all aspects of life, the following is a detailed description of various types of industrial aluminum profiles and its different application scope.
one thousand The models of series aluminum profiles are as follows: one thousand and ten 、 one thousand and fifty 、 one thousand and sixty 、 one thousand and seventy 、 one thousand and eighty 、 one thousand and eighty-five 、 one thousand and one hundred 、 one thousand one hundred and forty-five 、 one thousand one hundred and ninety-nine 、 one thousand three hundred and fifty Wait, because one thousand Series aluminum profiles are pure aluminum series. We know that the density and strength of aluminum are very low. Therefore, the aluminum profiles of pure aluminum series can only be used for products with low strength requirements. Here are some typical models:
one 、 one thousand and fifty : some decorations in daily life, such as lamps, signs used as signs, commonly used electrical appliances, and containers used to hold some chemical solutions, because these articles require corrosion resistance, but the strength requirements are not so high.
two 、 one thousand and sixty : some chemical plants used to produce chemical materials on the equipment, because the chemical equipment on the strength requirements are not high, but must require high corrosion resistance, good formability, otherwise prone to leakage accidents.
three 、 one thousand and one hundred : such as some chemical products, small parts, heat exchangers, and containers used to hold food, etc., which do not require high strength and corrosion resistance.
four 、 one thousand one hundred and forty-five It can also be used to make heat exchanger and aluminum foil as heat insulation material, which mainly requires strong corrosion resistance.
five 、 one thousand one hundred and ninety-nine : the reflective film used in optics and the oxide film metal plate inside the electrolytic capacitor are equivalent to the positive and negative sides of the battery, which requires high corrosion resistance.
six 、 one thousand three hundred and fifty In addition to a steel wire in the middle of the steel core aluminum hinge wire, the rest are composed of aluminum. Aluminum not only has good conductivity, but also has light weight. With steel wire, the tensile force and mechanical properties are very good.
two thousand The models of aluminum profiles are as follows: two thousand and eleven 、 two thousand and fourteen 、 two thousand and seventeen 、 two thousand and eighteen 、 two thousand and twenty-four 、 two thousand and twenty-five 、 2N01 、 two thousand one hundred and seventeen 、 two thousand two hundred and nineteen 、 two thousand six hundred and eighteen wait, two Generally speaking, the corrosion resistance of aluminum profile is not good, but the strength is good. Several commonly used models are listed
one 、 two thousand and eleven : general optical components, volume shaft, screw head, etc., which do not require high corrosion resistance and require good cutting performance, have a certain strength.
two 、 two thousand and fourteen 、 two thousand and seventeen 、 two thousand and twenty-four These three kinds of copper content is very high, corrosion resistance is very poor, but the strength is good, can be used to make gears, axles, oil pressure components and aviation equipment.
three 、 two thousand one hundred and seventeen : after solution heat treatment, the strength is very high, which can be used to make building hinge nails into the wall.
four 、 two thousand and eighteen 、 two thousand two hundred and eighteen It can be used to make heat-resistant piston, cylinder head and so on.
five 、 two thousand two hundred and nineteen than two thousand two hundred and eighteen It is not only durable at high temperature, but also adaptable to low temperature. It is very suitable for aviation equipment.
six 、 two thousand and twenty-five The forging performance is good, and it can be used to make propeller of aircraft.
seven 、 2N01 In addition to corrosion resistance is not very good, strength and heat resistance are good, can be used to make aircraft engine.
three thousand The main types of aluminum profiles are as follows: three thousand and three 、 three thousand and five 、 three thousand one hundred and four 、 three thousand one hundred and five 、 three thousand two hundred and three Its corrosion resistance is better than two Series aluminum profile is better, the strength is also good, the model is not too many, the main application range is:
one 、 three thousand and three Strength ratio one thousand and one hundred Should be higher, with better solution, easier to form, can be used to make copier drum.
two 、 three thousand and four Strength ratio three thousand and three It should be higher. It has good formability and corrosion resistance. It can be used to make aluminum cans, covers for lamps, and roof covers for prefabricated houses.
three 、 three thousand and five Strength ratio three thousand and three It is much higher and has good corrosion resistance. It can be used as building materials or aluminum plate.
four 、 three thousand one hundred and five And three thousand and three Almost, slightly higher strength, can be used to make bottle caps or color aluminum plate.
four thousand There are only a few models of aluminum profiles four thousand and thirty-two And four thousand and forty-three Two, because of the addition of silicon, the heat resistance and wear resistance are better than ordinary aluminum profiles. In addition, the coefficient of thermal expansion is small, so it can be used to make pistons and cylinder heads. There are also construction wiring and panels that are also used. Other aspects are relatively rare.
five thousand series Aluminum profile model There are many, mainly including: five thousand and five 、 five thousand and fifty 、 five thousand and fifty-two 、 five thousand and fifty-six 、 five thousand and eighty-two 、 five thousand and eighty-three 、 five thousand and eighty-six 、 five thousand one hundred and fifty-four 、 five thousand two hundred and fifty-two 、 five thousand four hundred and fifty-four 、 five thousand six hundred and fifty-two 、 5N01 、 5N02 wait. five Besides good solubility, formability and corrosion resistance, it also has another unique advantage: strong seawater resistance, which is the best choice for shipbuilding
one 、 five thousand and five and five thousand and fifty The strength of three thousand and three Almost the same color after anodizing six thousand and sixty-three Also similar, based on its natural silver white, it can be used to make interior decoration of vehicles and interior decoration of ships. It looks very beautiful.
two 、 five thousand and fifty-two It has many uses, such as bottle caps, ordinary sheet metal parts, more suitable for making ships and vehicles.
three 、 five thousand one hundred and fifty-four Strength ratio five thousand and fifty-two To be higher than 20% , properties and five thousand and fifty-two Almost. It can be used to make pressure vessels.
four 、 five thousand two hundred and fifty-four 、 five thousand six hundred and fifty-two It is usually used to disinfect the wound, or the container can be made of hydrogen peroxide, so it can be separated from hydrogen peroxide five thousand and fifty-two A little bit similar.
five 、 five thousand four hundred and fifty-four The strength of five thousand one hundred and fifty-four Almost, the nature is similar, but there is a little bit more than that five thousand one hundred and fifty-four Strong, that is, in a relatively bad environment, corrosion resistance is better, so it can be used to make car wheels, but also more wear-resistant.
six 、 five thousand and eighty-three We know that some alloys can obtain high strength by heat treatment, and some alloys can not be heat treated five thousand and eighty-three It can be used to make non alloy and pressure resistant vessels.
seven 、 five thousand and eighty-six Strength ratio five thousand one hundred and fifty-four With a little bit higher five thousand and eighty-three Similarly, it also has good sea water resistance, and high strength can be obtained by non heat treatment. It can also be used to make ships and pressure vessels.
eight 、 5N01 The strength of three In aluminum profile three thousand and three It can be used to make cameras, aluminum plates, kitchen supplies and some decorations.
nine 、 5N02 It also has good sea water resistance, and two thousand one hundred and seventeen It has the same strength and can be used to make hinge nails.
six thousand There are many famous aluminum profiles in the industry, such as: six thousand and five 、 six thousand and nine 、 six thousand and sixty 、 six thousand and sixty-one 、 six thousand and sixty-three 、 six thousand and eighty-two 、 six thousand one hundred and one 、 six thousand two hundred and one 、 six thousand one hundred and twenty-five 、 six thousand one hundred and fifty-one 、 six thousand one hundred and sixty 、 six thousand two hundred and sixty-two 、 six thousand three hundred and fifty-one 、 six thousand four hundred and sixty-three wait. six Aluminum profile is a kind of heat treatment profile. For the section profile with complex shape, it should be considered first six Several types of aluminum profiles are listed
one 、 six thousand and five The requirement of strength is very big, it can be used to make general extruded aluminum profiles and pipes.
two 、 six thousand and nine Also need to have a certain strength, can be used to make car body panels, such as the current all aluminum body.
three 、 six thousand and sixty-one use T6 It can be used to make screw, hinge pin, truck and trolley aluminum profile, ship aluminum plate, etc. the corrosion resistance is very good. The heat treatment method is used, and its alloy content ratio is six thousand and sixty-three More.
four 、 six thousand and sixty-three Strength ratio six thousand and sixty-one It's a little lower Industrial aluminum profiles It has a high position in the field, especially the aluminum profile for construction. It is a typical extruded aluminum profile with good surface treatment. It can be used to make industrial fence, escalator platform, shelf, workshop worktable, vehicle, household appliances, building profiles and some decorations. Currently, aluminum profile is also used for household use six thousand and sixty-three Industrial aluminum profiles.
five 、 6N01 The strength of six thousand and sixty-one And six thousand and sixty-three It can also be used as large aluminum profiles with complex shape, and can be used in the manufacture of vehicles and ships.
six 、 six thousand one hundred and one 、 six thousand two hundred and one It is a kind of high strength conductive material, which can be used as electric conductor, heat sink and high strength aluminum profile for bus.
seven 、 six thousand one hundred and fifty-one It can be used as mechanical parts and some components of automobile.
eight 、 six thousand two hundred and sixty-two High intensity, and six thousand and sixty-one Similar, corrosion resistance is also very good, stress ratio two thousand and eleven and two thousand and seventeen Better, can be used to make camera parts, gas components and brake components.
nine 、 six thousand three hundred and fifty-one Its strength and corrosion resistance are good, and it can be used for water pipes and oil pipelines, as well as the structural parts of some vehicles.
seven thousand Series aluminum profiles are also aviation profiles, the main models are: 7N01 、 7A04 、 seven thousand and three 、 seven thousand and five 、 seven thousand and twenty 、 seven thousand and twenty-two 、 seven thousand and seventy-two 、 seven thousand and seventy-five 、 seven thousand and fifty Although there are not many models, they can not be made in China, so they need to be imported. Because a small amount of magnesium and copper are added, the hardness is almost equal to that of steel, and the extrusion speed is slower in production six Series of aluminum profiles, representative models of the use of the scope of:
one 、 7N01 It can be used to make aluminum profiles for vehicles and aviation.
two 、 seven thousand and three Strength ratio 7N01 The aluminum profile is used to extrude the outer ring of the vehicle, but it has a little lower wear resistance than that of the vehicle wheel.
three 、 seven thousand and five It is an extruded profile used to produce welded structures with high strength requirements and good fracture toughness, such as vehicle trusses and some containers. It can also be used on a small number of sports equipment, such as tennis rackets and softball bats for playing tennis and softball.
four 、 seven thousand and fifty It is mainly applied to structural parts with high corrosion resistance and fracture resistance, such as medium and heavy plate used in aircraft, and also requires high fatigue resistance, such as some free forging.
five 、 seven thousand and seventy-two It can be used to make heat sink of heat exchanger.
six 、 seven thousand and seventy-five The strength of seven Among them, it is the highest, but its corrosion resistance is not good. The quality requirements of this aluminum profile are very high. Every aluminum plate has been tested by ultrasonic wave to ensure that there is no impurity and shrinkage cavity. Generally, China can use it as high-end aluminum profiles for rockets and spaceships, and can also be used to make ski crutches.
seven 、 seven thousand four hundred and seventy-five It is also used for components with high strength and crack resistance, such as aluminum for aircraft fuselage and wing skeleton.
eight 、 7N01 、 7A04 It can be used to make aircraft screws, landing gear and stress parts such as girder stringer and spacer frame.
There are many types of industrial aluminum profiles and the wide range of application, which are far more than those listed above. Due to the time relationship, there are some rarely used or unfamiliar ones Industrial aluminum profiles The models and application scope are not listed one by one, which will be mentioned in the following chapters. Please pay attention to the industrial aluminum profile of EPS.